Russian Pre-Revolution Motorcycles

with thanks to Stanislav Kiriletz


Russian motorcycles intially were licensed copies of other machines. It didn't take long however for Russian inovation to be applied and Russian designs took off. The great War and the Russian revolution intervened however and motorcycle production became very utilitarian. Russian motorcycles became quite lost in the myriad of collective factories all competing for favour and it has become very hard to track production of machines which bear confusing model numbers, popular Soviet slogans or factory names.

Stanislav has kindly supplied us with a list of pre-revolutionary brand names for us to ponder what may have been.......

Note: In Imperial Russia, central Poland was part of the Russian empire.




Abrikosoff: St. Petersburg. 1895-1899 © Hildebrandt & Wolfmüller (D)

Baltika: Riga. 1902-1904 © NSU (D)

Baltija: Riga. 1913-1915 © Triumph (GB), Douglas (GB)

Bulakoff: St. Petersburg. 1899-1900 © De Dion-Bouton (F)

Dux, Moto-Reve-Dux: Moskau. 1909-1917 © Allright (D), Defaux-Motosacoche (CH),

                                                         Triumph (GB), Allright (D), Moto-Reve (CH), BSA (GB)


Dux-Moto-Reve.jpg (95411 bytes)


Fortuna: Moskau. 1908-1915 © Defaux-Motosacoche (CH)

Frese: St. Petersburg. 1901-1905 © Sarolea (B)

Freudenberg: St. Petersburg. 1903-1905

Gloor: Moskau. 1907-1914 © Defaux-Motosacoche (CH), Dux (RUS)

Jasenski: Warschau. 1903-1905 © Sarolea (B)

Leutner: Russia. Riga. 1895-1915 © De Dion-Bouton (F), Hildebrandt & Wolfmüller (D),

                                         Werner (F), Cudell-De Dion (D), Fafnir (D)


Leutner Russia-Fafnir.jpg (221849 bytes)


Lier & Rossbaum: St. Petersburg. 1898-1907 © Wanderer (D)


Wanderer Werbung Lier & Rossbaum.jpg (150964 bytes)



Lundberg-Vasiljeff: Moskau. 1899-1901 © De Dion-Bouton (F), Werner (F)

Naletoff: St. Petersburg. 1895-1896 © Werner (F)

Peters: Moskau. 1898-1901. © Hildebrand & Wolgmüller (D)

Pobeda: St. Petersburg. 1901-1911 © FN (B), Soesen (F), NSU (D), Indian (USA)

Reschetnikoff: Alatyr. 1906-1909 © Comet (D)

Shuman: Reval (Tallinn). 1895-1897 © Matador (USA), Hildebrandt & Wolfmüller (D)

Scherban: St. Petersburg. 1911-1915 © Indian (USA)

Selten: St. Petersburg. 1909-1914 © Defaux-Motosacoche (CH)

Tschesnokoff: Moskau. 1906-1908

Starley-Psycho: St. Petersburg. 1898-1901 © Starley-Rover (GB), De Dion-Bouton (F)

Varen, Avan Tren: Warschau. 1903-1905 © Zedel (F)

Wakarecy: Warschau. 1903-1904 © Laurin & Klement (A)

Wirkau: Moskau. 1908-1914 © Terrot (F), Triumph (GB) 





© Murray Barnard: 2004


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