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The Story of the Royal Scots - the Lothian Regiment

Published 1915 - The Story of the Royal Scots (The Lothian Regiment) Formerly The First or The Royal Regiment of Foot. In the "Country Life" series of military histories. Frontispiece and sixteen black and white plates, numerous illustrations and plans within the text. Covers history from 1421 to 1916 including Gallipoli campaign.
 

The Story of

THE ROYAL SCOTS

(THE LOTHIAN REGIMENT)

Formerly The First or The Royal Regiment of Foot

BY

LAWRENCE WEAVER


WITH A PREFACE BY

THE EARL OF ROSEBERY, K.G,, K.T.


LONDON

PUBLISHED AT THE OFFICES OF "COUNTRY LIFE,"
20 TAVISTOCK STREET, COVENT GARDEN, W.C., AND BY
GEORGE NEWNES, LTD., 8-n SOUTHAMPTON STREET,
STRAND, W.C. NEW YORK: CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS

1915

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PREFACE

BY THE EARL OF ROSEBERY AND MIDLOTHIAN,
K.G., K.T.


IT is well at this time to be reminded of the history of The Royal Scots, for we in the Lothians think that it is not sufficiently borne in mind. There are so many famous regiments in Scotland that ours, though the senior, stands some chance of being overlooked.

Those who read this excellent book will not be likely to commit this fault. There they may read the long pedigree of The Royal Scots, who date, so to speak, their legal existence to 1662, but who may be traced long before then, and indeed earned from their antiquity the playful nickname of " Pontius Pilate's Bodyguard." They will see how ineffaceably The Royal Scots have stamped their name on almost every battlefield in which our army has been engaged ; how they have been com-
manded and trusted by such consummate captains as Turenne, Marlborough and Wellington. It has, indeed, been their habit to fight all over the world; there is scarcely a region where they have not left their mark. That is the way now with all our regiments, but The Royal Scots have been longer at it. And now they are marching gallantly into the burning fiery furnace of this world conflagration.

Just now we can think of nothing but this war which is to make or mar the world. Each soldier of the King, great or small, who is fighting in this campaign, fights that we may breathe freely once more and be relieved from the nightmare of a brutal and odious tyranny. Each soldier and sailor, then, is the champion of civilization and liberty as well as of his country. He will conquer, as he did the less barbarous armies of the Zulus and the Mahdists. forces trained, like the Prussian, for the injury and domination of their neighbours. He is fighting for as sacred and vital a cause as any Crusader, against venomous gases, poisoned wells, the piratical submerging of innocent vessels, the tramping underfoot of the law of nations, and the other abominations of Prussian culture.
And those who cannot serve strain anxious eyes to discern all that we can of our champions and their deeds.

But in a closer fashion we are concerned with our neighbours who have left their homes in our province of Lothian, be they mansions or cottages, to fight for us. For them even more than for ourselves this Story is written. We wish them to know the full splendour of the tradition which they carry like their colours. Nothing surely to them or to us can be more inspiriting than the record of the centuries of valour which they represent. They have in this war proved already that they yield
nothing to their forbears in achievement, yet they may well wish to know the details of the traditions that they inherit and emulate.

We at any rate, men, women and children of (he Lothians, Edinburgh and Peebles, the romantic county with the unromantic name, desire to know all about our famous regiment, and so we welcome this book. There will need to be another volume added to it when this war is over.

Honour, then, to The Royal Scots, bone of our bone and flesh of our flesh, among the choicest of our fighting men, whose record is in this book, as on the field of battle. We who cannot stand with them must at least try all we can to sustain them and fill their ranks.



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CONTENTS


AUTHOR'S INTRODUCTION i

CHAPTER I

THE FIGHTING SCOTS ABROAD, 1421-1632

Scots in Mediaeval France Regiments serving with Gustavus Adolphus Sir John Hepburn The Green Brigade Le Regiment d' Hebron 5

CHAPTER II

ROYAL WARRANT FOR HEPBURN'S REGIMENT, 1633-1636

Charles the First's Order Arguments as to Seniority Serving Louis XIII against Germany Death of Sir John Hepburn in 1636 15

CHAPTER III

MINGLED FRENCH AND ENGLISH SERVICE, 1636-1683

Hepburn's Successors Le Regiment de Douglas The Conde Turenne Campaigns Battle of Dunkirk Dunes Recall to England Pepys and the Regiment Further Foreign Campaigns Two Battalions End of French Service The Grenadier Company Tangier, 1680-1683 . . . . 21

CHAPTER IV

THE ROYAL REGIMENT OF FOOT AND JAMES II, 1684-1689

Duke of Monmouth's Rebellion Royals at Sedgemoor Second Battalion goes to Scotland Infant Officers and their pay Hobos Flight of King James and Dumbarton Colonel Count Schomberg The Ipswich Mutiny .... 37

CHAPTER V

THE REGIMENT'S SERVICE UNDER WILLIAM in, 1689-1702

Steenkirk Death of Sir Robert Douglas Lord George Hamilton becomes Colonel Landen The Siege of Namur Uncle Toby's Account of the Assault Treaty of Ryswick Five years of Peace 47

CHAPTER VI

MARLBOROrGH'S CAMPAIGNS, 1702-1713

Minor Sieges in 1702 The March to Bavaria Sehellenberg Blenheim 1693, Revenged at the Little Geet, Ramillies Oudenarde, --Malplaquet, --Marlborough's Fall, The Treaty of Utrecht . . . ........ 57

CHAPTER VII

PIPING TIMES OP PEACE, 1713-1740

Police Duty in Ireland - Irish Recruits -Sergeant MacLeod - Death of Colonel the Earl of Orkney . 85

CHAPTER VIII

THE SPANISH MAIN; THE SEVEN YEARS WAR; THE
'FORTY-FIVE, 1740-1755

Fighting Fever in the West Indies - Dettingen Fontenoy - The Fall of Ghent - Prisoners of Prince Charlie - Falkirk -Culloden - Fort Sandberg - The Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle . 92

CHAPTER IX

CANADA AND THE WEST INDIES, 1756-1792

Early days of North America Canada and the French The Royals at Louisburg Fighting the Cherohees Cuba and the Assault on the Moro Newfoundland Brimstone Hill,

St Christopher Big Sam 108

CHAPTER - X
THE FRINGE OF THE GREAT FRENCH WAR, 1793-1799

A Brief Shetch of Causes The Second Battalion at Toulon, Corsica and Elba The First Battalion in St. Domingo

ireland and the 'Ninety-tight

CHAPTER XI

THE NAPOLEONIC WAR, EGYPT, 1801-1803

The Mediterranean Situation Second Battalion in Egypt The Landing in Aboukir Bay Battles of March 13 and March 21, 1801 The end of French rule in Egypt Troubles at Gibraltar . ' . . . . 127
 
CHAPTER XII

ST. LUCIA, WEST INDIES, INDIA, AMERICA, l8oi-l8l6

Seizure of Island of St. Martin Life in the West Indies Demerara and Berbice St. Lucia Depleted ranks Service in India Campaign against the United States Changes in Uniform 137

CHAPTER XIII

THE THIRD BATTALION IN THE PENINSULA, 1808-1814

Captain Waters' adventure Corunna The interlude of Walcheren Busaco Fuentes d'Onor First use of name "Royal Scots" Salamanca Vittoria Siege of San Sebastian Nive 150

CHAPTER XIV

THE CRUSHING OF NAPOLEON, 1815

Third Battalion at Quatre Bras The attack on the Squares Waterloo La Haye Sainte The Royals and their Colours The Fourth Battalion Bergen-op-Zoom . . . .166

CHAPTER XV

FORTY YEARS OF LITTLE WARS, 1816-1853

Peace Service of First Battalion Second Battalion in Mahratta Wars Nagpore Maheidpoor Asseerghur Burmese War Ava The Rebellion in Canada 173

CHAPTER XVI

CRIMEA, 1854-1856; CHINA, 1859-1860; PEACE, 1861-1899
Alma Siege of Sevastopol Inkerman Private Prosser's V.C. Taku Forts Changes of Organization and Title Colours and Battle Honours Bechuanaland . . . .182

CHAPTER XVII

THE SOUTH AFRICAN WAR, 1899-1902

Faithful Reservists Paardeplatz Sergeant Robertson and Major Twyford Lieut. C. L. Price at Bermondsey Casualties and Honours 195

CHAPTER XVI

MILITIA, VOLUNTEER, TERRITORIAL AND SERVICE BATTALIONS

The Edinburgh Militia South Fencibles Dukes of Buccleuch South African Service. 1899-1902 TA Special Reserve The Volunteer Movement Territorial Battalions, Fourth to Tenth Service Battalions, Eleventh to Seventeenth . . 202

CHAPTER XIX

FIRST YEAR OF THE GREAT WAR, 1914-1915 :
FRANCE AND FLANDERS

The Royal Scots in the First Onset Mons Le Cateau Cambrai Capture of Orly-sur-Marne and Vailly On the Aisne La Bassee Canal and Croix Barbie Petit Bois V.C. won at Kemmel The Fights for Ypres V.C. won at Givenchy . 208

CHAPTER XX

FIRST YEAR OF THE GREAT WAR, 1915 :
THE DARDANELLES

Ait Epic of Territorials The Fifth (Queen's) in the 29th Division The Fight for the Landing Captain Maclagan's Narrative Saving the situation on June 19 The Storming of The Gully Ravine on June 28 The Fighting during July " Achieving the Impossible" 228



APPENDICES

(A) A SHORT BIBLIOGRAPHY ...... 250

(B) THE REGIMENTAL MUSIC ...... 251

(C) THE REGIMENTAL ROLL OF HONOUR (OFFICERS KILLED,

WOUNDED, PRISONERS OF WAR AND MISSING IN

THE GREAT WAR) : MADE UP TO AUGUST 31, 1915 253

(D) A LIST OF THE OFFICERS OF THE REGIMENT SERVING

IN AUGUST 1915 ....... 257

INDEX ........ 269

 




LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

PLATES

Facing page

A Private, Battalion Company, 1742 (in colour), from a
drawing 1 by George Kruger . . Frontispiece

The Badge of The Royal Scots 5

I Tomb of Colonel Lord James Douglas ... 22

II Portrait of Colonel Lord George Douglas, Earl of

Dumbarton ........ 28

III Portrait of Colonel The Duke of Schomberg . . 44

IV Portrait of Colonel The Earl of Orkney ... 50
V Portrait of Colonel Sir Henry Erskine, Bart. . . 112

VI Portrait of Colonel The Duke of Argyll . . .116

VII Portrait of Colonel Lord Adam Gordon . . .138

VIII Portrait of Colonel H.R.H. The Duke of Kent . . 170

IX Portrait of Colonel The Duke of Gordon . . .174

X Portrait of Colonel Lord Lynedoch . . . .176

XI Portraits of Colonel Sir George Murray and Colonel

Sir James Kempt ....... 180

XII Portraits of Colonel Sir Edward Blakeney and Colonel

Sir George Bell 186

XIII Colours of the First Battalion 190

XIV Colours of the Second Battalion 192

XV Portrait of Major-General Sir E. A. Stuart . . .196

XVI Portrait of General George Hay Moncrieff . . . 200
Map of Flanders ........ 268

Map of the Peninsula (Spain and Portugal) . . 268

FIGURES IN TEXT

PAGE

1 Musketeer and Pikeman, 1633 . . . . .12

2 Musketeer and Pikeman, 1647 2 5

3 Private in Grenadier Company, 1684 .... 34

4 Map of Marlborough's March to Blenheim, 1704 . . 60

5 Battle of Blenheim, 1704 (Plan) 62

6 Battle of Ramillies, 1706 (Plan) 68

7 Battle of Oudenarde, 1708 (Plan) 72

8 Battle of Malplaquet, 1709 (Plan) 78

9 Marlborough's Soldiers: Officer and Private, 170) .

10 Uniform of the Grenadier Company, 1721 . . .86

11 An Officer in The Royals, circa 1739 . . .90

12 Battle of Fontenoy, 1745 (Plan) 97

13 An Officer in The Royals, 1773 115

14 Egyptian Campaign, 1801 (Plan)

15 Grenadier's Chaco-plate, 1768-1802 . . . . 136

16 Private's Chaco, 1800-1811

17 Officer's Chaco, 1811-1815 139

18 Chaco-plate, 1800-1811 141

19 Chaco-plate, 1813-1816 ....... 143

20 Cross-belt Plate, 1800-1816 145

2t Officer's Sword ........ 147

22 Officer's Gorget, 1812 . . . . . . 149

23 Battle of Salamanca, 1812 (Plan) 157

24 Battle of Vittoria, 1813 (Plan) 159

25 Battle of Waterloo, 1815 (Plan) 169

26 Buttons, 1808-1859 175

27 Chacos: Three Types, 1816-1844 76

28 The Albert Chaco, 1844-1855 177

29 Epaulette, 1825 178

30 Three Types of Officers' Uniforms, 1826 . . . . 171)

31 Private's and Bugler's Uniforms, 1849 . . . .180

32 Officer, 1856 ; Private and Corporal, 1875 ... 188

33 Chacos, 1856-1878 189

34 Private's Belt-clasp, 1855-1872 190

35 Buttons 191

36 Glengarry Badges, 1881-1890 and as still worn . . 193

37 Officer's Helmet-plate, 1878-1881 193

38 Thistle Collar Badge (Private's) 194

39 Map of Gallipoli Peninsula 234

40 The Music of The Scots' March 252




 

 

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