Originally based on the pre-war BMW R71 the Ural is still chugging along in various forms - see photo-gallery below.

A treatise: it was probably FN that inspired the BMW and Zundapp military outfits. Even Puch tried to build one until the Nazis asked them politely to concentrate on other war essentials . The FN M12 outfit of 1937 had sidecar wheel drive, high and low ratio andreverse gearbox, additional filtration, interchangable wheels and cross country tyres. A range of sidecars were produced with or without armoured shields. After the Nazi invasion the Wehrmacht kept these machines in production.

The French were quite taken by the idea and Gnome-Rhone produced a Boxer twin outfit from 1938-40, the sv AX2 800cc. Also featured reverse drive and
a shaft to the sidecar wheel. Again the Wehrmacht was impressed and continued production after conquering France in 1940. It wouldn't surprise me if these machines are at times mistaken for BMWs or Zundapps under their camouflage and Wehrmacht markings. The BMW R75 and Zundapp KS750 models were introduced in the autumn of 1940 with similar features to the Belgian and French models.

The Harley XA prototype was based on the BMW and Zundapp models but in particular a captured 750cc BMW R12. Wherever possible the XA was kept
common to the WLA and a sidecar version the XS was prepared. The Jeep killed off this particular venture although 1000 machines were built.

The Russians, in 1938, copied the BMW R71 as the M-72, a side-valve boxer which received some additional work such as extra finning to cope with
Russian conditions. This machine continued after the war as the K-750 but was discontinued in the mid 50s. It was initially produced under licence but
I am sure this agreement lapsed in 1941 when the netire factory was reluctantly moved to the Urals! The Russian model did not have sidecar wheel
drive or inter-connected brakes but remained in production until 1959 when it was replaced by the K750. The K750 provided the basis for the Dnieper
MT12 introduced in 1977.

Interestingly the Swiss also built late in the war their own flat twin sidecar outfits.... the Condor A-750 side-valves.

So only Germany led with OHV in these machines the others all went for side valves and Russia didn't copy the R75 and KS750 during the war as production
limitations were pretty severe but did capture a heap and use them in Russian markings.

Irbit and Kiev side valve machines were built from the early 50s. A 650cc OHV model based on the BMW was built from 1968 and is more commonly known as
the Dnieper, Neval, Phoenix or Cossack in Western markets. Chinese machines are based on the early "Rooshun" side-valve model and also the later OHV
650. I imagine they are direct copies of the Russian versions. The Chang Jiang certainly looks like the Russian side-valve motor. The more up-market Chang Dong uses an OHV boxer twin.

1994UralClassicblack0001a.jpg (95KB)
1994UralClassicblack0001b.jpg (97KB)
1999UralDecoClassictealwhite0001a.jpg (66KB)
1999UralDecoClassictealwhite0001b.jpg (61KB)
1999UralDecoClassictealwhite0001e.jpg (70KB)
1999UralRuggedTouristred0001a.jpg (69KB)
1999UralRuggedTouristred0001d.jpg (62KB)
1999UralSportsmanarmygreen0001a.jpg (73KB)
1999UralSportsmanarmygreen0001b.jpg (60KB)
1999UralSportsmanarmygreen0001c.jpg (75KB)
1999UralSportsmanarmygreen0001d.jpg (66KB)
1cobra.jpg (42KB)
1imz8-103-10.jpg (39KB)
1patrul.jpg (31KB)
1solo1.jpg (43KB)
1solo2.jpg (41KB)
1tourist.jpg (31KB)
1trizikl.jpg (38KB)
1voyage.jpg (42KB)
1wolf.jpg (41KB)
u1.jpg (23KB)
ural_1997_tourist_italia.jpg (146KB)
voyage.jpg (66KB)
woods.jpg (36KB)

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