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Lionel Carter


Geoff Carter's Grandfather Lionel Carter served in the Great War and fought at Villers Brettoneux and received the Military Cross.


Born on October 6, 1890 at Williamstown, Melbourne, to Thomas Frederick Carter and Emily Jane, nee Knight. Family moved to Perth, Western Australian,  in 1896. Married to Amy Edith Norman, from Albany, November 21, 1915.

Lionel's main occupations were, Methodist Minister, Member of the Western Australian parliament, Industrial Advocate, Executive Secretary of the WA Employer's Federation and business man.

Enlisted in the AIF on August 7, 1915. Served on the Western Front with the 48th Battalion. Promoted to Captain in April 1917. Awarded the Military Cross for "conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty during the operation near Zonnebeke [Belgium] on 12th October 1917". Severely wounded, including loss of right eye, near Dernancourt, France, in April 1918. AIF appointment terminated on March 3, 1919.

Lionel was elected to the WA Legislative Assembly in 1921 as the member for Leederville, but was defeated in 1924 when Labor ousted Sir James Mitchell's coalition government.

He was made executive secretary of the Western Australian Employers' Federation in 1929.

He left the W.A.E.F. in 1949 to establish Carter's Motors at Bunbury. In 1958 he was invited to direct the Western Australian Trade Bureau. His task was to manage a political campaign in favour of free enterprise and against the Unfair Trading and Profit Control Act (1956).  The campaign contributed to the defeat of A. R. G. Hawke's government in March 1959.

Lionel died on 30 March 1968.


Lionel had a lucky escape as the picture of his helmet, held by his granddaughter Anne Kaleski, demonstrates.